Cloudy spa water is one of the most common problems in Spa maintenance.
Spas and swim spas can be perfectly clear one day and cloudy the next and this becomes a spiraling problem if not addressed correctly.
As with anything in life that isn’t going to plan, it is necessary to follow a check list to determine the cause and then treat the cause and not the symptoms.
The top ten causes of cloudy spa water and how to fix them:
1. Poorly balanced water
a. Test water
2. Under dosing Sanitiser
a. Increase to the spa sanitiser to the correct level with a shock dose
3. Extraordinary use – eg. Party Time!
a. Shock treat, clean filters, use spa clarifier
4. Unclean filter cartridges
a. Clean filter cartridges with a filter cartridge cleaner in hot water and rinse thoroughly. See filter maintenance tips here.
5. Insufficient filtering –
a. Check suction, step up filtering to 4 hours/per day
6. Water that has high Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) levels
a. Dump and refill after using Spa World Pipe Degreaser
7. Overdosing with calcium hardness
a. Empty 1/3 of water and refill
8. Lack of calcium in water –
a. Add Spa Calcium increase in 3 equal amounts and leave a day between each
9. Contamination from activity surrounding the spa – eg: building, gardening, plant overhang etc
a. Use Spa World clarifier
10. Cover left on and when removed smells like wet socks
a. Clean the underside of cover with Spa pipe degreaser, rinse and dry in sun.
These causes of cloudy spa water can be in isolation or there may be a combination of symptoms occurring simultaneously.
Key things to look for:
If hard water – lower pH to 7 and Alkalinity to 80 ppm..
If tank water – check calcium and phosphate levels.
Follow the decision tree on the following page to clear your spa and swim spa water:
Spa chemical troubleshooting chart:
|Cloudy Water||Water is more than 12 weeks old||Dump the Spa water|
|Excessive organic contaminates||Ensure everyone bathes before entering the spa|
|Ozonator or UV sanitiser fault||If installed check the ozonator and or UV sanatisers|
|Lack of water sanitizer||Use a quality spa shock|
|Build up of particles||Use spa water clarifier to coagulate particles so they can be removed by the filter|
|Spa water is out-of-balance: ph, alkalinity, or total hardness||Test water and adjust as necessary|
|Filter needs cleaning or replacement||Clean or replace your filter at least every 2 weeks with normal use|
|White scale deposits||Low sanitiser level
Use of low quality sanitiser
High mineral content
|Test water and balance as needed
Keep spa chlorine at .5 PPM or spa bromine at 1 PPM
Use a descaling product
|Cloudy greenish water||Algae||Use and Algacide|
|Brown water||High mineral count
Low alkalinity level
Low sanitizer level
|Add a stain/scale preventer product
Test and add Ph increase and Alkalinity product as needed
|Excessive foaming||Soft water (calcium hardness is too low)
Build up of body oils, lotions, detergents, cosmetics, etc. from people who use the spa
|High total dissolved solids level (TDS)
It might be time to change the water in your spa pool.
Use an anti-foam product.
Require individuals to shower before going in the spa pool.
|Yellow water||Low PH level||Test the PH level and adjust as necessary. Use a PH increase.|
|Scum ring at water line||Inadequate filtration
Build up of oils
| Check filter – clean or replace
Clean scum line with appropriate cleaner.
|Eye or Skin irritation||Excessive organic compounds
Unbalanced Ph or total alkalinity levels
|Use shock treatment, if needed
Test Ph and alkalinity levels and adjust as necessary